Portugal - Cultural Landscape of Sintra

"In the 19th century Sintra became the first centre of European Romantic architecture. Ferdinand II turned a ruined monastery into a castle where this new sensitivity was displayed in the use of Gothic, Egyptian, Moorish and Renaissance elements and in the creation of a park blending local and exotic species of trees. Other fine dwellings, built along the same lines in the surrounding serra, created a unique combination of parks and gardens which influenced the development of landscape architecture throughout Europe." Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1
The arabesque Monserrate Estate of Sintra. Thanks to Ruth of USA.

Postcard 2 - Multi-view of Sintra landscape
Nice multiview showing different sites of Sintra landscape. Thanks to Ana of Portugal. Obrigado.

Postcard 3 - Pena National Palace
Pena National Palace of Sintra in Lisboa District. Thanks to Kel.

China - Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian

"Scientific work at the site, which lies 42 km south-west of Beijing, is still underway. So far, it has led to the discovery of the remains of Sinanthropus pekinensis, who lived in the Middle Pleistocene, along with various objects, and remains of Homo sapiens sapiens dating as far back as 18,000–11,000 B.C. The site is not only an exceptional reminder of the prehistorical human societies of the Asian continent, but also illustrates the process of evolution." Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1
View of location where Peking man was found. Thanks to SX of Shandong, China.

Postcard 2
Replicas of the craniums of Peking man. Thanks to Chen of China.

Postcard 3
The important skull and bones of the Peking Man was apparently lost when the retreating Japanese Army carted it away. Archaelogical site is located south west of Beijing.

Mexico - Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal

"The Mayan town of Uxmal, in Yucatán, was founded c. A.D. 700 and had some 25,000 inhabitants. The layout of the buildings, which date from between 700 and 1000, reveals a knowledge of astronomy. The Pyramid of the Soothsayer, as the Spaniards called it, dominates the ceremonial centre, which has well-designed buildings decorated with a profusion of symbolic motifs and sculptures depicting Chaac, the god of rain. The ceremonial sites of Uxmal, Kabah, Labna and Sayil are considered the high points of Mayan art and architecture." Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1
Multi-view of Uxmal, Yucatan, Mexico. Thanks to Gausoo of Mexico.

Postcard 2
Aerial view of the Quadrangle of Monks and Adivino Pyramid of Uxmal. Thanks to Liliana of USA.

Postcard 3
View of Uxmal, Mexico. Thanks to Eileen of UK who was visiting Mexico and sent this card from UK.

Germany - Völklingen Ironworks

"The ironworks, which cover some 6 ha, dominate the city of Völklingen. Although they have recently gone out of production, they are the only intact example, in the whole of western Europe and North America, of an integrated ironworks that was built and equipped in the 19th and 20th centuries and has remained intact." Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1
Volkingen Ironworks. Sent as a Postcrossing 5th International Meetup at Bielefeld, Germany Oc 23-26, 2014. Thanks to Niklof of Germany.

Postcard 2
Volkingen in Saarland, Germany. Thanks to Anne of Germany.

Portugal - University of Coimbra – Alta and Sofia

"Situated on a hill overlooking the city, the University of Coimbra with its colleges grew and evolved over more than seven centuries within the old town. Notable university buildings include the 12th century Cathedral of Santa Cruz and a number of 16th century colleges, the Royal Palace of Alcáçova, which has housed the University since 1537, the Joanine Library with its rich baroque decor, the 18th century Botanical Garden and University Press, as well as the large “University City” created during the 1940s. The University’s edifices became a reference in the development of other institutions of higher education in the Portuguese-speaking world where it also exerted a major influence on learning and literature. Coimbra offers an outstanding example of an integrated university city with a specific urban typology as well as its own ceremonial and cultural traditions that have been kept alive through the ages."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1
Coimbra University. Thanks to Ruth of USA who visited Coimbra, Portugal.

Postcard 2
Coimbra University. Founded 1290, one of the oldest universities in Europe. Thanks to Kel.


Israel - Biblical Tels - Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba

"Tels (prehistoric settlement mounds), are characteristic of the flatter lands of the eastern Mediterranean, particularly Lebanon, Syria, Israel and eastern Turkey. Of more than 200 tels in Israel, Megiddo, Hazor and Beer Sheba are representative of those that contain substantial remains of cities with biblical connections. The three tels also present some of the best examples in the Levant of elaborate Iron Age, underground water-collecting systems, created to serve dense urban communities. Their traces of construction over the millennia reflect the existence of centralized authority, prosperous agricultural activity and the control of important trade routes." 

Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Tel Megiddo. Thanks to Tanya of Israel.

Japan - Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine and its Cultural Landscape

"The Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine in the south-west of Honshu Island is a cluster of mountains, rising to 600 m and interspersed by deep river valleys featuring the archaeological remains of large-scale mines, smelting and refining sites and mining settlements worked between the 16th and 20th centuries. The site also features routes used to transport silver ore to the coast, and port towns from where it was shipped to Korea and China. The mines contributed substantially to the overall economic development of Japan and south-east Asia in the 16th and 17th centuries, prompting the mass production of silver and gold in Japan. The mining area is now heavily wooded. Included in the site are fortresses, shrines, parts of Kaidô transport routes to the coast, and three port towns, Tomogaura, Okidomari and Yunotsu, from where the ore was shipped.” Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1
Aerial view of the surrounding forest and the towns of Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine. Thanks to Phoebe of Hong Kong for mailing this wonderful postcard from there.

Postcard 2
Another view of Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine area. Thanks to Phoebe of Hong Kong who was visiting this heritage site.

Postcard 4 - Ryuenji Mabu Mine Shaft.
Thanks so much to Rie-san of Japan for sending all 4 wonderful postcards of Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine.

Postcard 5 - Interior view of Ryuenji Mabu Mine Shaft

Postcard 6 - Omori Historical Landscape

Postcard 7 - Gohyakurakan Sori Bridge

Italy - City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto

"Founded in the 2nd century B.C. in northern Italy, Vicenza prospered under Venetian rule from the early 15th to the end of the 18th century. The work of Andrea Palladio (1508–80), based on a detailed study of classical Roman architecture, gives the city its unique appearance. Palladio's urban buildings, as well as his villas, scattered throughout the Veneto region, had a decisive influence on the development of architecture. His work inspired a distinct architectural style known as Palladian, which spread to England and other European countries, and also to North America." 

Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1
Villa Foscari was built by Andrea Palladio in 1559 for two brothers. Thanks to Marina of Italy.

Postcard 2
Santuario de Monte Berico overlooks the city of Vicenza. Thanks to Aleksandra of Slovenia.

Italy - The Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and Monferrato

"Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and Monferrato covers five distinct wine-growing areas with outstanding landscapes and the Castle of Cavour, an emblematic name both in the development of vineyards and in Italian history. It is located in the southern part of Piedmont, between the Po River and the Ligurian Appenines, and encompasses the whole range of technical and economic processes relating to the winegrowing and wine making that has characterized the region for centuries. Vine pollen has been found in the area dating from the 5th century BC, when Piedmont was a place of contact and trade between the Etruscans and the Celts; Etruscan and Celtic words , particularly wine-related ones, are still found in the local dialect. During the Roman Empire, Pliny the Elder mentions the Piedmont region as being one of the most favourable for growing vines in ancient Italy; Strabo mentions its barrels."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1
Grinzane Cavour Castle. Thanks to Chiaro of Italy.

Postcard 2
Vignale Monferrato, Italy. Thanks to Marina of Italy

Italy - Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy

"The nine Sacri Monti (Sacred Mountains) of northern Italy are groups of chapels and other architectural features created in the late 16th and 17th centuries and dedicated to different aspects of the Christian faith. In addition to their symbolic spiritual meaning, they are of great beauty by virtue of the skill with which they have been integrated into the surrounding natural landscape of hills, forests and lakes. They also house much important artistic material in the form of wall paintings and statuary."

1) Sacro Monte o “Nuova Gerusalemme” di Varallo Sesia, Vercelli 
2)Sacro Monte di S.Maria Assunta di Serralunga di Crea. Alessandria
3)Sacro Monte di San Francesco d’Orta San Giulio, Novara
4) Sacro Monte della SS.Trinità, Ghiffa, Verbania
5) Sacro Monte Calvario, Domodossola, Verbania 
6) Sacro Monte di Belmonte, Valperga Canavese, Turin
7) Sacro Monte della Beata Vergine, Oropa,  Biella

8) Sacro Monte del Rosario di Varese, Varese
9) Sacro Monte della Beata Vergine del Soccorso, Ossuccio, Como

Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1 - LOMBARDY: Sacro Monte della Beata Vergine del Soccorso, Ossuccio, Como
Santuario B.V. Del Soccorso is one of the 9 sites of Sacri Monti. Thanks to Morino of Italy.

Postcard 2 - PIEDMONT:  Sacro Monte o “Nuova Gerusalemme” di Varallo Sesia, Vercelli
Sacro Monte Varallo - Sacred Mountain of Varallo - one of the largest chapels. Thanks to Chiaro of Italy.

China - Kazakhstan - Kyrgyzstan - Silk Roads - the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor

"Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor is a 5,000 kilometre section of the extensive Silk Roads network, stretching from Chang’an/Luoyang, the central capital of China in the Han and Tang Dynasties, to the Zhetysu Region of Central Asia. It took shape between the 2nd century BC and 1st century AD and remained in use until the 16th century, linking multiple civilizations, and facilitating far-reaching exchanges of activities in trade, religious beliefs, scientific knowledge, technological innovation, cultural practices and the arts. The 33 components included in the routes network include capital cities and palace complexes of various empires and Khan kingdoms, trading settlements, Buddhist cave temples, ancient paths, posthouses, passes, beacon towers, sections of The Great Wall, fortifications, tombs and religious buildings.

There are a total of 33 sites listed which are  25 archaelogical sites; 3 historical buildings; 1 tomb; 4 cave temples. Plus two which are already inscribed UNESCO World Heritage (Longmen grottoes and Magao Caves).

- Luoyang City, Eastern Han-Northern Wei Dynasty (1st – 6th AD) (Luoyang, Henan) 
- Dingding Gate, Luoyang City, Sui -Tang Dynasties (Luoyang, Hena)
- Longmen grottoes (already inscribed on the World Heritage list) - have postcard
- Han’gu pass (Henan)
- Shihao section of Xiaohan route  (Henan)
- Weiyang Palace, Chang’an City, Western Han Dynasty (2nd BC – 1st AD) (Xian) 
- Daming Palace, Chang’an City, Tang Dynasty (7th -10th AD)  (Xian)
- Great Wild Goose Pagoda (Xian) 
- Small Wild Goose Pagoda (Xian)
- Xingjiaosi Pagodas (Xian)
- Bin county cave temple (Shaanxi) 
- Zhang Qian tomb (Shaanxi)
- Maijishan cave temple complex - have postcard

- Bingling cave temple complex (Gansu)
- Xuanquan posthouse (Gansu)
- Suoyang city (Gansu)
- Mogao caves (already inscribed on the World Heritage List) - have postcard 
- Yumen pass (Gansu)

- Qocho City (Turpan, Xinjiang)
- Yar City Site of Bashbaliq City (Turpan, Xinjiang) 
- Kizil cave temple (Jimshar,  Xinjiang)
- Subash Buddhist temple (Kuqa, Xinjiang)
- Kizilgaha Beacon tower (Kuqa, Xinjiang)
- Bachbaliq city (Kuqa, Xinjiang)

- Kayalyk (Almaty Province)
- Talgar  (Almaty Province)
- Karamergen (Almaty Province)
- Aktobe (Jambyl Province)
- Kulan (Jambyl Province)
- Ornek (Jambyl Province)
- Kostobe (Jambyl Province)
- Akyrtas (Jambyl Province)

- Suyab (Site of Ak-Beshim)  (Chuy Province)
- City of Balasagun (Site of Burana) - have postcard 
- City of Nevaket (Site of Krasnaya Rechka) (Chuy Province)

Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1
Burana Tower, a surviving remnant of ancient city of Balasagun, on a clear day with majestic view of Kyrgyz Alatau mountains. Thanks to DAO of United Kingdom who visited Kyrgzstan.

Postcard 1
Yumen Pass in Gansu. Nice Silk Road stamps with special cancellation. Thanks to Wu of China.

Majishan Cave Temple Complex, Gansu,  China. I bought these two Maji-shan postcards in Shanghai in November 2011.

Postcard 2A

Postcard 2B

Postcard 3A
The first postcard is from the postcard set of World Heritages of China that I bought in Beijing - Longmen Grottoes.

Postcard 3B

Postcard 4A
Mogao Caves of Dunhuang, Gansu is one of China's UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Beautiful cave paintings. Very nice island and butterfly stamps used. Postage was surface mail. Thanks so much to Xingshan of Zhongshan, China.

Postcard 4B
Postcard of Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes which was bought in Beijing, China.

Postcard 4C 
Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang, Gansu. I bought this postcard in China.

Postcard 7
Big Wild Goose Pagoda in Xian. I climbed the stairs to the top of the tower when I visited Xian. Thanks to aeronest of China.