China - Kazakhstan - Kyrgyzstan - Silk Roads - the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor

"Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor is a 5,000 kilometre section of the extensive Silk Roads network, stretching from Chang’an/Luoyang, the central capital of China in the Han and Tang Dynasties, to the Zhetysu Region of Central Asia. It took shape between the 2nd century BC and 1st century AD and remained in use until the 16th century, linking multiple civilizations, and facilitating far-reaching exchanges of activities in trade, religious beliefs, scientific knowledge, technological innovation, cultural practices and the arts. The 33 components included in the routes network include capital cities and palace complexes of various empires and Khan kingdoms, trading settlements, Buddhist cave temples, ancient paths, posthouses, passes, beacon towers, sections of The Great Wall, fortifications, tombs and religious buildings.

There are a total of 33 sites listed which are  25 archaelogical sites; 3 historical buildings; 1 tomb; 4 cave temples. Plus two which are already inscribed UNESCO World Heritage (Longmen grottoes and Magao Caves).


China - Central China
- Luoyang City, Eastern Han-Northern Wei Dynasty (1st – 6th AD) (Luoyang, Henan) 
- Dingding Gate, Luoyang City, Sui -Tang Dynasties (Luoyang, Hena)
- Longmen grottoes (already inscribed on the World Heritage list) - have postcard
- Han’gu pass (Henan)
- Shihao section of Xiaohan route  (Henan)
- Weiyang Palace, Chang’an City, Western Han Dynasty (2nd BC – 1st AD) (Xian) 
- Daming Palace, Chang’an City, Tang Dynasty (7th -10th AD)  (Xian)
- Great Wild Goose Pagoda (Xian) 
- Small Wild Goose Pagoda (Xian)
- Xingjiaosi Pagodas (Xian)
- Bin county cave temple (Shaanxi) 
- Zhang Qian tomb (Shaanxi)
- Maijishan cave temple complex - have postcard

China - Hosi Corridor
- Bingling cave temple complex (Gansu)
- Xuanquan posthouse (Gansu)
- Suoyang city (Gansu)
- Mogao caves (already inscribed on the World Heritage List) - have postcard 
- Yumen pass (Gansu)

China - North and South Tianshan Mountains
- Qocho City (Turpan, Xinjiang)
- Yar City Site of Bashbaliq City (Turpan, Xinjiang) 
- Kizil cave temple (Jimshar,  Xinjiang)
- Subash Buddhist temple (Kuqa, Xinjiang)
- Kizilgaha Beacon tower (Kuqa, Xinjiang)
- Bachbaliq city (Kuqa, Xinjiang)

Kazakhstan - Zhetysu Region
- Kayalyk (Almaty Province)
- Talgar  (Almaty Province)
- Karamergen (Almaty Province)
- Aktobe (Jambyl Province)
- Kulan (Jambyl Province)
- Ornek (Jambyl Province)
- Kostobe (Jambyl Province)
- Akyrtas (Jambyl Province)

Kyrgzstan - Zhetsyu Region
- Suyab (Site of Ak-Beshim)  (Chuy Province)
- City of Balasagun (Site of Burana) - have postcard 
- City of Nevaket (Site of Krasnaya Rechka) (Chuy Province)


Source: UNESCO World Heritage


KYEGYZSTAN - BURANA
Postcard 1
Burana Tower, a surviving remnant of ancient city of Balasagun, on a clear day with majestic view of Kyrgyz Alatau mountains. Thanks to DAO of United Kingdom who visited Kyrgzstan.





CHINA - YUMEN PASS, GANSU
Postcard 1
Yumen Pass in Gansu. Nice Silk Road stamps with special cancellation. Thanks to Wu of China.



CHINA - MAJISHAN CAVE TEMPLE COMPLEX, GANSU
Majishan Cave Temple Complex, Gansu,  China. I bought these two Maji-shan postcards in Shanghai in November 2011.

Postcard 2A





Postcard 2B





CHINA - LONGMEN GROTTOES, HENAN
Postcard 3A
The first postcard is from the postcard set of World Heritages of China that I bought in Beijing - Longmen Grottoes.




Postcard 3B




CHINA - MOGAO CAVES. GANSU
Postcard 4A
Mogao Caves of Dunhuang, Gansu is one of China's UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Beautiful cave paintings. Very nice island and butterfly stamps used. Postage was surface mail. Thanks so much to Xingshan of Zhongshan, China.





Postcard 4B
Postcard of Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes which was bought in Beijing, China.





Postcard 4C 
Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang, Gansu. I bought this postcard in China.

Postcard 7
Big Wild Goose Pagoda in Xian. I climbed the stairs to the top of the tower when I visited Xian. Thanks to aeronest of China.

Australia - Australian Convict Sites

"The property includes a selection of 11 penal sites, among the thousands established by the British Empire on Australian soil in the 18th and 19th centuries. They are located on the fertile coastal strip from which the Aboriginal peoples were then forced back, mainly around Sydney and in Tasmania, as well as on Norfolk Island and in Fremantle. They housed tens of thousands of men, women and children condemned by British justice to transportation to the convict colonies. Each of the sites had a specific purpose, in terms both of punitive imprisonment and of rehabilitation through forced labour to help build the colony. The property presents the best surviving examples of large-scale convict transportation and the colonial expansion of European powers through the presence and labour of convicts."

1306-001 - Kingston and Arthur`s Vale Historic Area “KAVHA” - Norfolk Island
1306-002 - Old Government House and Domain “Old Government House” - Parramatta, New South Wales
1306-003 - Hyde Park Barracks - Sydney
1306-004 - Brickendon and Woolmers Estates “Brickendon- Woolmers” - Longford, Tasmania
1306-005 - Darlington Probation Station “Darlington”
1306-006 - Old Great North Road  - Sydney
1306-007 - Cascades Female Factory “Cascades” - Hobart, Tasmania 
1306-008 - Port Arthur Historic Site “Port Arthur” - Tasmania
1306-009 - Coal Mines Historic Site “Coal Mines” - Tasmania 
1306-010 - Cockatoo Island Convict Site “Cockatoo Island” - Sydney
1306-011 - Fremantle Prison - Fremantle, Western Australia 

Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1A - Norfolk Island
Maxicard of Australia Post. Thanks to Denny of Australia.

Postcard 1B - Kingston and Arthur's Vale Historic Area, Norfolk Island
Kingston from QE Lookout, Norfolk Island. Kingston is the capital of Australia South Pacific Territory of Norfolk Island. Thanks to Azzi of Australia who visited Norfolk Island.







Postcard 2 - Hyde Park Barracks, Sydney (1306-003)
Thanks to Sharon of Australia.









Postcard 3 - Cockatoo Island, Sydney Harbor (1306-010)
Thanks to Sharon of Australia.








Postcard 4 - Port Arthur, Tasmania (1306-08)
Port Arthur, Tasmania - The Penetentiary, Guard Tower, The Asylum, Church ruins at Port Arthur. Thanks to Kimberle of Tasmania, Australia.





Postcard 5 - Freemantle Prison, Western Australia (1306-011)
Freemantle Prison is the largest convict structure in Western Australia. After 140 years of operation, it was decommisioned in 1991. Thanks to Heather of Australia.

Germany - Aachen Cathedral

"Construction of this palatine chapel, with its octagonal basilica and cupola, began c. 790–800 under the Emperor Charlemagne. Originally inspired by the churches of the Eastern part of the Holy Roman Empire, it was splendidly enlarged in the Middle Ages." Source: UNESCO World Heritage


Postcard 1
Aachener Dom, Germany. Thanks to Ruth of USA.




Postcard 2
Aachen - Aken - Aix-la-chapelle
An impressive German catheral. Thanks to Ibrahim.


Canada - Rideau Canal

"The Rideau Canal, a monumental early 19th-century construction covering 202 km of the Rideau and Cataraqui rivers from Ottawa south to Kingston Harbour on Lake Ontario, was built primarily for strategic military purposes at a time when Great Britain and the United States vied for control of the region. The site, one of the first canals to be designed specifically for steam-powered vessels, also features an ensemble of fortifications. It is the best-preserved example of a slackwater canal in North America, demonstrating the use of this European technology on a large scale. It is the only canal dating from the great North American canal-building era of the early 19th century to remain operational along its original line with most of its structures intact." Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1
Rideau Canal prepaid postcard by Canada Post. Thanks to Jason of Canada.






Postcard 2
Autumn splendor at Jones Falls Locks - Historic Rideau Waterway. Nice stamps used. Thanks to Ange of Canada.





Postcard 3
Ottawa - the capital of Canada was formerly called "Bytown" after Colonel John By who built the Rideau Canal. The upper part of the Rideau Canal for a few months in winter is turned into 8.5km long skating rink. Nice stamps used. Thanks to Manfred of Ottawa, Canada.





Afghanistan - Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam

"The 65m-tall Minaret of Jam is a graceful, soaring structure, dating back to the 12th century. Covered in elaborate brickwork with a blue tile inscription at the top, it is noteworthy for the quality of its architecture and decoration, which represent the culmination of an architectural and artistic tradition in this region. Its impact is heightened by its dramatic setting, a deep river valley between towering mountains in the heart of the Ghur province." Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1
Finally, I received this postcard of this awesome minaret of Afghanistan sent inside an envelope from Czech Republic. Thanks to Radec of Czech Republic.






Postcard 2
Minar-e-Jam (Jam Minaret), Ghor Province, Western Afghanistan. This is picture folding greeting card rather than a true postcard. Anyway, it is a nice addition. I bought this card from the Afghanistan Pavilion at 2010 Shanghai World Expo.

India - Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat

"Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat is located on the banks of the Saraswati River and was initially built as a memorial to a king in the 11th century AD. Stepwells are a distinctive form of subterranean water resource and storage systems on the Indian subcontinent, and have been constructed since the 3rd millennium BC. They evolved over time from what was basically a pit in sandy soil towards elaborate multi-storey works of art and architecture. Rani-ki-Vav was built at the height of craftsmens’ ability in stepwell construction and the Maru-Gurjara architectural style, reflecting mastery of this complex technique and great beauty of detail and proportions. Designed as an inverted temple highlighting the sanctity of water, it is divided into seven levels of stairs with sculptural panels of high artistic quality; more than 500 principle sculptures and over a thousand minor ones combine religious, mythological and secular imagery, often referencing literary works. The fourth level is the deepest and leads into a rectangular tank of 9.5 by 9.4 metres, at a depth of 23 metres. The well is located at the westernmost end of the property and consists of a shaft, 10 metres in diameter and 30 metres deep."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage


Rani-ki-Vav built during the Solanki period, India. Thanks to Nagi of India.

Japan - Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

"Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites (Japan) is an historic sericulture and silk mill complex established in 1872 in the Gunma Prefecture north west of Tokyo. Built by the Japanese Government with machinery imported from France, it consists of four sites that attest to the different stages in the production of raw silk: production of cocoons in an experimental farm; a cold storage facility for silkworm eggs; reeling of cocoons and spinning of raw silk in a mill; and a school for the dissemination of sericulture knowledge. It illustrates Japan’s desire to rapidly adopt the best mass production techniques, and became a decisive element in the renewal of sericulture and the Japanese silk industry in the last quarter of the 19th century. It marked Japan’s entry into the modern, industrialized era, and propelled it to become the world’s leading exporter of raw silk, notably to France and Italy."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage


West cocoon warehouse and silk-reeling mill at Tomioka Silk Mill. Thanks to Ai of Japan.

Italy - The Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and Monferrato

"Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and Monferrato covers five distinct wine-growing areas with outstanding landscapes and the Castle of Cavour, an emblematic name both in the development of vineyards and in Italian history. It is located in the southern part of Piedmont, between the Po River and the Ligurian Appenines, and encompasses the whole range of technical and economic processes relating to the winegrowing and wine making that has characterized the region for centuries. Vine pollen has been found in the area dating from the 5th century BC, when Piedmont was a place of contact and trade between the Etruscans and the Celts; Etruscan and Celtic words , particularly wine-related ones, are still found in the local dialect. During the Roman Empire, Pliny the Elder mentions the Piedmont region as being one of the most favourable for growing vines in ancient Italy; Strabo mentions its barrels."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage


Vignale Monferrato, Italy. Thanks to Marina of Italy

Canada - Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump

"In south-west Alberta, the remains of marked trails and an aboriginal camp, and a tumulus where vast quantities of buffalo (American Bison) skeletons can still be found, are evidence of a custom practised by aboriginal peoples of the North American plains for nearly 6,000 years. Using their excellent knowledge of the topography and of buffalo behaviour, they killed their prey by chasing them over a precipice; the carcasses were later carved up in the camp below." Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1
Post Canada prepaid postcard of Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump in Alberta. Thanks to CJ23 of Canada.






Postcard 2
One of the largest and best preserved buffalo jumps in the world - Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump, Fort Macleod, Alberta, Canada. Thanks to Devan of Alberta, Canada.


United Kingdom - Heart of Neolithic Orkney

"The group of Neolithic monuments on Orkney consists of a large chambered tomb (Maes Howe), two ceremonial stone circles (the Stones of Stenness and the Ring of Brodgar) and a settlement (Skara Brae), together with a number of unexcavated burial, ceremonial and settlement sites. The group constitutes a major prehistoric cultural landscape which gives a graphic depiction of life in this remote archipelago in the far north of Scotland some 5,000 years ago." Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1
Aerial view of Maeshowe Chambered Cairn, Orkney.  Thanks to Inez of Orkney, Scotland.






Postcard 2
Norse "dragon" carving in Maeshowe, Orkney, Scotland. Thanks to Inez of Scotland.



Postcard 3
View of Skara Brae prehistoric village, Orkney with individual houses linked by passages. Thanks to Andy of UK.




Postcard 4
Interior of a hut showing the hearth and dresser and box beds. Thanks again to Andy of UK.