Japan - Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining

"The site encompasses a series of twenty three component parts, mainly located in the southwest of Japan. It bears testimony to the rapid industrialization of the country from the middle of the 19th century to the early 20th century, through the development of the steel industry, shipbuilding and coal mining. The site illustrates the process by which feudal Japan sought technology transfer from Europe and America from the middle of the 19th century and how this technology was adapted to the country’s needs and social traditions. The site testifies to what is considered to be the first successful transfer of Western industrialization to a non-Western nation."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage


Postcard 1
Former Glover House or Glover Tei is located in Nagasaki, Kyushu. Sent by Kenji of Hakata, Kyushu, Japan.




Postcard 2
Gunkanjima, Kyushu, Japan.







Postcard 3
Nagasaki Shipyard Mitsubishi No.3 Dry Dock. Thanks to Ray of Hong Kong who visited Nagasaki.





Postcard 4
Hagi with homes of the old industrialists. Thanks to Phoebe of Hong Kong who visited Hagi, Japan.


Tanzania - Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara

"The remains of two great East African ports admired by early European explorers are situated on two small islands near the coast. From the 13th to the 16th century, the merchants of Kilwa dealt in gold, silver, pearls, perfumes, Arabian crockery, Persian earthenware and Chinese porcelain; much of the trade in the Indian Ocean thus passed through their hands." 

Source: UNESCO World Heritage


Gareza Fort, Kilwa Kisiwani is a UNESCO World Heritage in Tanzania. Thanks to Mihoho of China for mailing from Tanzania.

South Africa - Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape

"The 160,000 ha Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape of dramatic mountainous desert in north-western South Africa constitutes a cultural landscape communally owned and managed. This site sustains the semi-nomadic pastoral livelihood of the Nama people, reflecting seasonal patterns that may have persisted for as much as two millennia in southern Africa. It is the only area where the Nama still construct portable rush-mat houses (haru om) and includes seasonal migrations and grazing grounds, together with stock posts. The pastoralists collect medicinal and other plants and have a strong oral tradition associated with different places and attributes of the landscape." 

Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape. Nice sketch drawing by Retha of South Africa - thanks.

Malawi - Lake Malawi National Park

"Located at the southern end of the great expanse of Lake Malawi, with its deep, clear waters and mountain backdrop, the national park is home to many hundreds of fish species, nearly all endemic. Its importance for the study of evolution is comparable to that of the finches of the Galapagos Islands." 

Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Monkey Bay is a major gateway to Lake Malawi National Park. Postcard showing a boat with Monkey Bay on the boat plying on Lake Malawi, Malawi. Thanks to Ruedi of Switzerland for arrangement for Emmanuel to send me this nice postcard from Malawi.

Oman - Land of Frankincense

The frankincense trees of Wadi Dawkah and the remains of the caravan oasis of Shisr/Wubar and the affiliated ports of Khor Rori and Al-Baleed vividly illustrate the trade in frankincense that flourished in this region for many centuries, as one of the most important trading activities of the ancient and medieval world." Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1
Frankincense trees produced aromatic resins for perfumes and incense. Thanks to Jean-Pierre of France who visited Oman.





Postcard 2
The incense tree. This postcard bought in Oman by Claus of Germany. Thanks Claus.

Oman - Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman

"The property includes five aflaj irrigation systems and is representative of some 3,000 such systems still in use in Oman. The origins of this system of irrigation may date back to AD 500, but archaeological evidence suggests that irrigation systems existed in this extremely arid area as early as 2500 BC. Using gravity, water is channelled from underground sources or springs to support agriculture and domestic use. The fair and effective management and sharing of water in villages and towns is still underpinned by mutual dependence and communal values and guided by astronomical observations. Numerous watchtowers built to defend the water systems form part of the site reflecting the historic dependence of communities on the aflaj system. Threatened by falling level of the underground water table, the aflaj represent an exceptionally well-preserved form of land use.” Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1
Falaj irrigation system in Oman. Thanks to Jean-Pierre of France who visited Oman.





Postcard 2
Fajal Daris of Oman. Thanks to Jean-Pierre of France.










Postcard 3
Daris falaj is the biggest falaj in Oman. Thanks to Claus of Germany who bought this postcard when in Oman.

Bahrain - Qal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun

"Qal’at al-Bahrain is a typical tell – an artificial mound created by many successive layers of human occupation. The strata of the 300 × 600 m tell testify to continuous human presence from about 2300 BC to the 16th century AD. About 25% of the site has been excavated, revealing structures of different types: residential, public, commercial, religious and military. They testify to the importance of the site, a trading port, over the centuries. On the top of the 12 m mound there is the impressive Portuguese fort, which gave the whole site its name, qal’a (fort). The site was the capital of the Dilmun, one of the most important ancient civilizations of the region. It contains the richest remains inventoried of this civilization, which was hitherto only known from written Sumerian references." Source: UNESCO World Heritage

Postcard 1
The Portuguese Fort of Bahrain or Qal`at al-Burtughal with old cannon guns, overlooking Manama is built on top of a high mound of successive civilizations when Dilmun was the capital and since the Sumerian period. Nice sail boat stamp used. Thanks to Polaris of Bahrain.





Postcard 2
An impressive Portuguese Fort in Bahrain. Thanks to Jean-Pierre of France who visited Bahrain.


Sweden - Naval Port of Karlskrona

"Karlskrona is an outstanding example of a late-17th-century European planned naval city. The original plan and many of the buildings have survived intact, along with installations that illustrate its subsequent development up to the present day."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage


Postcard 1
Karlskrona, Sweden. Thanks to Rafal of Germany who visited this UNESCO World Heritage city of Karlskrona, Sweden.





Postcard 2
A multi-view of naval town of Karlskrona - Kungsholmen. Beautiful stamps of the Wedding of the Princess of Sweden. Thanks to Merjade sending from Sweden.



Netherlands - Van Nellefabriek

"Van Nellefabriek (Netherlands) was designed and built in the 1920s on the banks of a canal in the Spaanse Polder industrial zone northwest of Rotterdam. The site is one of the icons of 20th century industrial architecture, comprising a complex of factories, with facades consisting essentially of steel and glass, making large-scale use of the curtain wall principle. It was conceived as an “ideal factory”; open to the outside world, whose interior working spaces evolved according to need, and in which daylight was used to provide pleasant working conditions. It embodies the new kind of factory that became a symbol of the modernist and functionalist culture of the inter-war period and bears witness to the long commercial and industrial history of the Netherlands in the field of importation and processing of food products from tropical countries, and their industrial processing for marketing in Europe".

Source: UNESCO World Heritage


Postcard 1
Van Nellefariek, Rotterdam. Thanks to Mike of Netherlands.




Postcard 2
VanNellefabriek factory. Thanks to Mike of Netherlands.

Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Norway, Russia, Sweden, Ukraine - Struve Geodetic Arc

"The Struve Arc is a chain of survey triangulations stretching from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black Sea, through 10 countries and over 2,820 km. These are points of a survey, carried out between 1816 and 1855 by the astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve, which represented the first accurate measuring of a long segment of a meridian. This helped to establish the exact size and shape of the planet and marked an important step in the development of earth sciences and topographic mapping. It is an extraordinary example of scientific collaboration among scientists from different countries, and of collaboration between monarchs for a scientific cause. The original arc consisted of 258 main triangles with 265 main station points. The listed site includes 34 of the original station points, with different markings, i.e. a drilled hole in rock, iron cross, cairns, or built obelisks." Source: UNESCO World Heritage

WANTED: I am looking for Latvia and Moldova Struve Geodetic Arc postcard - anyone can help? Thanks.

Postcard 1 - Sweden
A multi-view postcard showing all of Sweden UNESCO World Heritage including Struve Geodetic Arc in the bottom middle picture. Thanks to Jeanette of Finland. Will be great to get a single view postcard in the future.





Postcard 2 - Norway - Hammerfest
Fuglenes, Hammerfest (1187-001) Struve Geodetic Arc  in Finnmark, Norway with aurora borealis in the sky. Thanks to Joey of Norway.






Postcard 3 - Russia - Gogland Island
Hogland (1187-016), Z Gogland, Tochka Z, Kingisepp, Leningrad Oblast in Russia. A Russian Struve Geodetic Arc site. Thanks to Galina of Russia.


Postcard 4 - Ukraine - Staraya Nekrasovka
Staraya Nekrasovka or Staro-Nekrassowka (1187-034), Odessa Region in Ukraine. Nice stamps of lighthouse used. Thanks to Veronika of Ukraine.








Postcard 5 - Lithuania
Struve Geodetic Arc of Lithuania. Thanks to Niina of Finland.





Postcard 6A - Finland - Oravivuori
Puolakka Oravivuori (1187-012) Korpilahti, Länsi-Suomen lääni in Finland. View of Oravivuori of Finland with commemorative stamp of Struve Geodetic Arc. Thanks to Heidi of Finland.







Postcard 6B - Finland - Alatornion Kirkko Church
Tornea Alatornion kirkko (1187-011) of Tornio, Lapin lääni, Finland. Struve Geodetic Arc goes through 10 European countries with 6 stations in Finland. This station of Alatornion Kirkko Church is one of them. View of the location of the church overlooking the river into Sweden. Nice stamps. Thanks to Sini of Finland.




Postcard 6C - Finland - Aavasaksa
Aavasaksa 66.23.52N, 23.12.31E, Finland with Struve Geodetic Arc map in Finland. Thanks to Dubbis of Finland.





Postcard 7A - Estonia - Stamp sheet showing map of Struve Geodetic Arc
Postcard of Tallinn, Estonia with stamp showing the map of Struve Geodetic Arc. Thanks to Heidi of Estonia.






Postcard 7B - Estonia
Dorpat Tartu Observatory (1187-019) View of Tartu Observatory. Nice stamps used. Thanks to Elina of Estonia.






Postcard 8 - Belarus
Struve Geodetic Ac in Belarus. Thanks to Byasanich of Belarus.